During the first World Conference on Disaster Reduction in Yokohama 1994, the UN-member states and other states agreed to combine their efforts on Disaster Risk Reduction within the so called Yokohama Strategy. Furthermore, the conference represented the mid-term review of the International Decade for Natural Disaster Reduction. More than 10 years after the first World Conference 168 States agreed during the second World Conference 2005 in Kobe, Japan upon the “Hyogo Framework for Action”. The ultimate goal of the Hyogo Framework for Action was to “Build the Resilience of Nations and Communities” and all efforts have been focused to increase resilience and reduce risk. In order to achieve this goal, the framework defined five priorities of action, along with Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR) activities, which have been implemented in the last 10 years.
The Yokohama strategy already outlined the importance of social aspects when dealing with Disaster Risk Reduction. The Hyogo Framework for Action highlighted in one if its priorities the need to reduce the underlying risk factors. This required short-, mid-, and long-term approaches and the collaboration across sectors, scientific disciplines and last but not least across boarders and continents. Additionally the collaboration of all stakeholders in the field of DRR remains one of the most important factors to reduce disaster risks. We are now at a stage, where a lot has been achieved, however tremendous efforts need to be undertaken to cope with new challenges.